Bible Israel

Jesus and the Second Temple

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Map of the Second Temple during the time of Jesus Christ

Jesus during the Second Temple Period

The Second Temple, in all of its splendor, was massive. The stones with which it was constructed weighed up to 400 tons and the Temple itself was capable of accommodating a million people. Its size spanned 500 yards in length, and 400 yards in width. Herod, quite the brilliant architect, made it a priority not only to rebuild the Temple, but to do so on an exponentially grander scale than Solomon's temple.

The Holy Scriptures show several instances in which Jesus Christ entered the Temple. Of particular interest to biblical scholars of all faiths was an instance in which Jesus as a very young boy was seen engaging rabbinical sages in conversations and debates inside the temple. They were mezemerized by his knowledge and understanding of the Law. Luke 2:41-47 explains:

"And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast. When they had finished the days, as they returned, the Boy Jesus lingered behind in Jerusalem. And Joseph and His mother did not know; but supposing Him to have been in the company, they went a day's journey, and sought Him among relatives and acquaintances. So when they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him. Now so it was after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers."

Another instance in which Jesus entered the Second Temple was much later in His life, but is also depicted in Scriptures. Upon seeing money changes conducting business inside the Temple courtyards, Jesus was angered and began turning over tables, shouting "My house shall be called a house of prayer, but you have made it a 'den of thieves".

The destruction of the Second Temple is accurately prophesized by Jesus Christ as the time of His arrest drew nearer. In the infamous Olivet Discourse, found in the Gospel of Mark, Chapter 13, Jesus casts His prediction:

"Then as He went out of the temple, one of His disciples said to Him, 'Teacher, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!' And Jesus answered and said to him, 'Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left upon another, that shall not be thrown down."

second temple jesus

Jesus Preaching in the Temple as a Young Boy

jesus preaching temple young boy


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