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Saladin Conquers Jerusalem and Third Crusade

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Map of Jerusalem - Ayyubid Period - Conquest of Saladin
(1187 A.D.)

Saladin Conquers Jerusalem in the Battle of Hattin

Saladin was the founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty, which ruled much of the Middle East during the 12th and 13th centuries. Saladin was Egypt and Syria's very first sultan. Known as an extemely brave, chivalrous, noble, and triumphant warrior and leader, Saladin effectively put down the European crusaders situated along the Mediterranean coastal regions. At the peak of his power, Saladin effectively controlled an empire that encompassed Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Yemen, and north Africa. During this time, Saladin had dominion over virtually every Crusader city, including Jerusalem in the year 1187. Following his victorious siege on Jerusalem, a conflict known as the Battle of Hattin, Saladin petitioned the Jewish inhabitants of the Holy Land to return to Jerusalem and allowed them to resettle in the Holy City. The conquest of Saladin and his Ayyubid Dynasty over Jerusalem effectively prompted the Third Crusade, during which Richard I led the crusader forces on a mission to reconquer the Holy Land. Their mission was somewhat successful, although they failed to retake the holy city of Jerusalem. The end result was the signing of the Treaty of Ramla in 1192, which allowed Jerusalem to remain under Muslim control, but also allowed Christians to make pilgrimages to the holy city.

Saladin was respected on a very high level by his friends and foes. In fact, Saladin and Richard I were known for their mutual respect for one another, as they often sent each other gifts. Richard was quoted as labeling Saladin as a "great prince", who was undoubtedly the greatest and most powerful leader in the Islamic world. Saladin returned the praises by stating "there was not a more honorable Christian lord than Richard." Saladin died of high fever on March 4, 1193 in Syria, where he was buried in a garden just outside the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus.

map saladin jerusalem ayyubid


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