Bible Israel

Where was Jesus Crucified?

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Map of Jerusalem during the time of Jesus Christ's Crucifixion

Jesus crucified outside the city walls

The precise location of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ was Golgotha, otherwise referred to in Scripture as the "place of the skull". The biblical narratives indicate that the crucifixion took place outside the city walls. Since the walls around Jerusalem have changed locations significantly over the years, pinpointing the exact location of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ could prove difficult. Protestants collectively hold that the authentic Golgotha is located at a placed called the "Garden Tomb", also known as Gordon's Calvary (after the man who, in 1883, declared as such) where a tomb dating back to the 1st century was found. The validation for this being the location of Golgotha is found in the presence of a rock formation very nearby that strongly resembles a skull. However, the theory of the Garden Tomb being the authentic site of Golgotha has been somewhat debunked over the years, as archaeological evidence suggested that the tomb once thought as belonging to Jesus Christ was not new at the time of His burial. This would directly conflict Scripture, which states that the body of Jesus was placed in a tomb that had never been used before.

The traditional view, held by Catholics and archaeologists, place the site of Calvary and Golgotha at the location which is now the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. This would put the site just outside the city walls as they existed during the time period, and in a brand new tomb. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre being the authentic site of Jesus' crucifixion and burial would also align itself perfectly with the final destination of what archaeologists have pin-pointed as the Via Dolorosa -- the path Jesus walked with His cross from Pontius Pilate's courtyard to Golgotha.

map jesus crucifixion


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